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Monday, February 28, 2011

Photos from the International UFO Convention Center

I just attended the International UFO Conference in Fountain Hills, AZ which had some extremely fascinating presentations concerning UFO's and an alien presence in our own solar system neighborhood and most allegedly on Earth as well. All of that was really neat and I will be making some blogposts about that particular subject matter, however some of the things in the convention center itself, which was held in the Radison, just seemed to have caught my eye, so I snapped a few photos of them

(NOTE - Click on Images to Enlarge) :>

Lights at the Radison Convention Center:

Carpet at the Convention Center:

Mary Electra's spiritual healing booth in the rear of the convention center, which contained all kinds of neat looking crystals and necklaces for sale:

Pearls of Wisdom Designs, which has been said that it "Hits the wounded oyster that mends itself with pearl" ... however, I like to call this shot "The Gemicircle" or "The Alien Eye" :>

(Click on image to enlarge)

Here are some neat websites I got from various people I met at the event:
Patty Greer and Crop Circle Videos
Michael Schratt at Open Minds
Antonio Huneeus at Open Minds
UFOs on the Record
Earth Files
National UFO Center - Front Page
The Stan Romanek Story
Lloyd Pye and the Starchild Skull
Top Secret Tours

Tuesday, February 22, 2011

On History, Aliens, UFOs, Classified Documents, and Advanced Technologies

Note - This is a series of my thoughts on the subject matter that I have compiled from my comments elsewhere


The level of rigor involved in discussing history is a few notches below the level of rigor involved in news broadcasting. The ancients didn’t provide enough diagrams to go with their extraordinary claims. (stone carvings, and such, however)


I highly doubt that the pyramids could have been levitated by accoustical energy, according to one of the claims from the Ancient Aliens Technology show, given the amount of decibels required for such a thing.

It is possible that the ancient maybe had film projectors back then, just take a divergent glass lens and line mirror up with a source of light reflecting off of animation drawings on rapidly flipping papyrus sheets, aiming at a white painted surface.

Given that a lot of ancient myths involve extraterrestrials, animal hybrids, and the fact that they did have many complex machines as well, perhaps it is possible that the ancients actually had all sorts of genetic experiments going on, or perhaps genetic experiments combined with aliens and robots as well.


I'm somewhat skeptical of intelligent beings visiting Earth, and even more skeptical of them being able to breath our air, but as far as microbial or viral aliens I find that quite more likely to be the case. I also believe it's possible that some ancients invented aerial flying balloons and possibly even put some heiroglyphic objects into orbit around the Earth (perhaps via a giant catapult or chemical rocket). But, anyhow, an intelligent alien visiting Earth would be somewhat similar to a human visiting the Bonobos population, however, in the same way that humans aren't worshipped by Bonobos, it is much less likely that intelligent aliens would be worshipped by humans.

Why would highly advanced aliens have visited our ancient societies and then have enslaved the less intelligent humans when in fact they could have employed advanced robotics to achieve their work instead?

Why would ancient aliens use DNA to create us instead of something that can withstand intense space radiation? Also, there’s no reason why life could not have sailed here on radiation pressure in a meteor.

If our species can interfere with other life on Earth, then that means our species can interfere with life on other planets too. I wouldn't mind owning an alien ant farm or alien fish tank or whatnot, so long as they are technologically less advanced than we are, hell, I wouldn't even mind owning a caged space monkey....I expect that it is survival of the fittest, but at the same time I wouldn't advocate doing anything mean to a less advanced species as I wouldn't expect a more advanced species to do anything mean to us, unless we were first hostile to them.

Perhaps strong interstellar magnetic fields could have launched alien spacecraft around, as per Electromagnetic Space Weather.

Perhaps some of those alien witnesses are hallucinations, perhaps other UFO's are radar malfunctions, perhaps most of the rest are hoaxes or foreign military drones or civilian test flights, perhaps a lot are meteors and other natural phenomena, but a rare few of UFO and other bizzar sitings are not identifiable by any of those categories though. It's those remaining few of the sitings that greatly intrigue the UFO fans among us.


As soon as something becomes classified, then there is all sorts of speculation about why. The U.S. government has begun classifying meteorite impacts for some reason.


There are many possible explanations for UFO incidents, each one is unique. Ice particles, star wars tests, space trash, top secret government crafts, high tech hobbyists, abnormal weather patterns, illusions, hallucinations, hoaxes, etc, and then there are alien spacecraft as well.

I think that, certainly, UFO events that are observed in mass or that make the news are the most credible, followed by reports from vfr pilots, astronauts, and air traffic controllers, and then there are the police and military personnel....however, sometimes even the best of them can be wrong, and other times the best of them can put out misinformation too.

How is it that a UFO has never shot down a fighter pilot or a pilot has never shot down a UFO if there has been these reported "dog fights"? Or perhaps it has occurred but merely has been covered up (Boyd Bushman claims the Roswell UFO was shot down using secret electrical Tesla weapons mounted on an airplane). Why hasn't there been any inventors who have invented useful devices whom claim to have been given information by aliens? Clearly no inventors would be worried about the aliens getting prior art, am I right?


Technology always wins the war, incidentally it has always been technology deployed by a military force. However, if technology were to turn on us, well, we wouldn't stand a chance

My main stance on the issue is that inventions that enhance humanity are good, but that inventions that replace humanity are bad. However, that will all change some day in the distant future when we evolve beyond the need for an organic body, perhaps we will exist as minds in a robot's body in the future, or perhaps as we merge with intelligent computer minds and robotics, and with nanotech, etc. The future is something to be embraced, as supply and demand allows more people to embrace the bio-technical enhancements that technology will allow for us, as we as humanity decide the path our future will take.

Civilization is immortal, and evolves into perfection.


The lure of individual immortality occurs when we mere mortals have many great ideas but not enough time to employ them all and see them to fruition. However, until the day when immortality is achievable, the best solution is to share them, keeping them open like a source of free thought, free for all conscious life to take a chance at.

Friday, February 18, 2011

The Dot Pyramid Sequence and The Sum of the Diagonal Dot Pyramid Spiral

Just wanted to crack this little mystery is all. The dot pyramid sequence relates to finding the combinations of "k" points that can occupy a given number of "n" spots assuming any amount of points can occupy the same spots, ergo it relates to possible ground state patterns that bosons can assume in Einstein-Bose Condensation at cool temperatures. However, this concept is also of pure aesthetic mathematical values as well.

Note - Click Images to Enlarge

What is that mysterious diagonal sum sequence though? Here is cracking of that mystery, apparently the points that make up each sum-sequence take on a family of parabolic curves of the form "Rx(i)= -2i^2 + (x+3)i - x" where the number of positive integer values for each curve goes from "i=1" to "i=(x+(1+(-1)^(x+1))/2)/2", and each sequential diagonal sum is the summation for Rx(i) over the range of "i" for each Matrix row "Rx" pertaining to each parabola within the family of parabolas.

The thing that caught my eye about that sum of diagonals of dot pyramid sequence (SDDP) is that it looks similar to the Fibonacci sequence (1,1,2,3,5,8,13,21...) except that it diverges short of that sequence after 8... "SDDP = (1,1,2,3,5,8,12,18,25,35,46,...)", so just for curiosity sake I decided to graph this lesser known spiral out on Excell:

Note - Click Image to Enlarge

Tuesday, February 15, 2011

On Expanding Planets and Plate Tectonics

Note: This is a compilation of my comments about the subject matter, and much of it is of a controversial nature.

When a solid turns to a liquid or gas, generally there is an expansion and pressures tend to build up, which is what explains some CO2 geysers of icey moons. The state of matter in the atmospheres and subsurfaces really depend on the local temperatures and pressures of the planet or moon and the material present or the kind of material which arrives there by meteor or asteroid impact, or by other means. Perhaps that gives some validity to Neal Adam's animations of expanding planets. Although I reject the notion that the Earth and all other planets are purely expanding, perhaps they all are expanding to varying degrees, and perhaps contracting in other instances too, each case being unique.

There is no real reason why there can't be both subduction and an expanding/contracting Earth....just to put all of the physical processes on the table, see also Earthquake Storms and Continental Drift and Our Evolutionary History and also Earth's Interior and The Origin of Magmas.

In continental drift theory, perhaps water, or abiotic hydrocarbons, or liquefied magma acts as a lubricant upon which the plate boundaries slide. What may cause the apparent expansion is the oceanic crust lifting up the continental crust due to 'cooling' iron from the mantle expanding from a body centered cubic to a face centered cubic crystalline structure and thereby fill the gaps resulting in volcanism. My bet is the rate of seafloor spreading at the oceanic trenches is greater than the rate of subduction at the mountainous subduction zones.

If that is the case, then perhaps there should be a longterm receding seas effect being observed, but also the rate of iceberg melting from the end of the last worldwide ice age up through the projected future of global warming ought to be contributing to sea levels rising at an even greater rate than the relatively slow process of expansion is making them recede (however, icebergs do float on water, so in liquid form, once the water warms above 4 Celcius they water actually should start getting less dense and receding once again). Will people need to live in underwater sea domes or on artificial islands someday in the future? It certainly isn't a unique trend considering that many of the most ancient cities being found in the world are actually beneath the sea level.

In clearing up one commonly thought myth, oceanic crust don't actually sink straight down at subduction zones, any angle besides 90 degrees straight down is usually observed since the continental crust which is sitting on top of the oceanic crust tends to shift around and also slowly rises upward over time, also contributing to the "the mysterious receding seas" effect that have been observed in some parts of the Earth yet not in other parts, and also mountain ranges where the continental crust has been pinched upward as well. Maybe some of the continents have historically rose up also due also to glacier melts reducing weight on them as the water rushed down to the ocean level, and simultaneously sea levels rose due to all the water rushing down to sea level as well thereby creating a situation where the net sea level rose in some places and fell in other places.

Seismologists and geologists determine the kind of plate boundaries that exist at various continental and oceanic fault lines by the type of siesmic wave that is encountered during earthquake events. Throughout geological history, there must have been tremendous energies involved in the different tectonic plates overcoming friction and sliding above and below each other and some of them sinking down beneath each other as per the rock cycle. I've stated that perhaps water or oil or molten rock or some other substance may have provided the lubrication for those processes, however also to consider is that fusion/fission and iron expansion due to heat, and possibly even antimatter annihilations or static electrical pressures or even microblack hole formations deeper down in the core as being possible power sources in driving the plate tectonics as well.

As for Mars, with all the various young valleys and older plateaus, it is mainly composed of iron, I doubt it is expanding anymore as there are no active volcanoes anymore as far as astro-geologists know, aside from the formation of methane plumes....perhaps Mars' present geological inactivity helps demonstrate my theory of the historically expanding iron core on Mars as well as the presently expanding iron core on Earth. If Mars had the right temperature and pressure values on the surface, it would have an atmosphere and ocean similar to that found on the Earth with water erosion and the whole likes, but since it doesn't that thereby allows Mars to have long term craters from meteorites and possibly also from dry ice bombs/geysers as well. Modern theory says that the erosion of Mars is mostly due to dust storms and from the extremely rare water melts which are atmospheric in nature, but could possibly be from electromagnetic space weather as well given that there is lightning on Mars.

Sunday, February 13, 2011

On Scientific Skepticism, The Logic of Nature, and Quantum Theory

ON SCIENTIFIC SKEPTICISM - Absurd, it seems, is my default position on everything outside of the box until further examination.


Perfection is the important element in science. Wherever a wrong answer is stated, it bugs the crap out of scientists until they resolve it.

Mathematics is logic and form which can only be understood through reason. The rules of Euclidean Geometry, for instance, are absolutely true under the assumption of flat plane geometry....the rules change, however, for hyperbolic or spherical geometry. If somebody assumes a universal spacetime that is a Euclidean then parallel lines should never intersect, but a spacetime that is spherical would have parallel lines that eventually intersect.

Asking questions is 1/2 of the search for truth, the better 1/2 of that search is in finding the answers. Mathematics in science is computationally used to take a set of initial assumptions and find a logical result from those assumptions. Whenever a scientific theory fails to make accurate predictions, the fault lies entirely within the assumptions being made, which in science is based on the experimental and observational evidence that is available. Math, in all it’s abstractions, is never wrong but it is either the assumptions that are, or the person doing the math that messed up that is wrong. It is in scientific peer review that these deductive and inductive errors and biases are to be removed though.

The physical laws of the universe appear, a priori, to be governed by mathematical relations. The mind evolutionarily arose from the physical universe, and hence it should demonstrably be a manifestation of mathematical relationships as well. This is why the more logical the thought process, the more successful it will be at discovering the truth about the way it, and the reality of everything that comprises it, works. This is why emotion, the result of evolutionary programming, needs to be subordinate to logic, as per the moral of The Metaphorical Garden.

If logic were a god, it would allow the laws of causality to both reward people for acting intelligently and to punish them for acting foolishly (which is the case). But, even the perception of reward and punishment are myths, the universe really is just a probabilistic turing machine that obeys the order of logical causality.


Noise is a general engineering term for the background interference of any signal being processed. Ergo, any forcing function that is external to an intended signal is called noise.

Pair production is based on the highly theoretical mathematical physics of general relativity and black hole thermodynamics, the assumption that gravitational energy is converted to particles and antiparticles or is created from the vaccuum energy of the expanding Universe.

A wave has a certain momentum but has an uncertain position in space, whereas a particle has a certain position in space but an uncertain momentum....Hence, a wave-particle acts as a particle with uncertain trajectories (XY) when the position (Z) is measured and a wave with diffraction (XY) effects when the momentum (Z) is measured.

This is also what electrons do in their atomic orbitals, hence they are viewed as orbital waves of known energy/momentum until the position or energy level is measured. The quantum states for all of the electron orbitals for each individual atom or molecule are mapped out using a Stern-Gerlach separation apparatus.

Maxwell's equations having to do with time rates of change of the magnetic fields don't really apply to light speed objects and thereby you can have E-field polarizations in the shape of the chromosphere or electron orbital from which it came from, it is perhaps only when it interacts with a new charge (index of refraction) that the magnetic field begins oscillating.

Are the dielectric permittivity and magnetic permeability of free space are constant or perhaps they decrease based on entropy? Negative-mu materials A negative mu material should technically create an imaginary velocity....that would be, for instance, energy and momentum being destroyed, existing merely in phase space as it were. Perhaps that is what Zero Point energy is. ....or another interpretation of that might just be the absorption of a photon, perhaps a vacuum can absorb and emitt photons. Okay, if that's the case, then perhaps that is where mass comes from, in the form of positron-electron creation, or in the form of any other sub-atomic particles.

Saturday, February 12, 2011

On Supply and Demand, Selling Out, and "Beating the Devil"

I think this song by Johnny Cash about beating the metaphorical "Devil" (of the music industry in his case) gets more profound each time you listen to it. Supply and Demand is a harsh mistress, and poverty is the scariest devil there is when people (in general) are supplying what they love but it's not in demand by anybody else. People are often times tempted to start delivering or supplying what they don't actually love and care to be delivering, just because there is a real world demand for it and it will bring them money. That is what the phrase "sold out" often times means when applied to a band, and how the phrase "selling your soul" means in a secular sense (by no means should that be judged negatively by other people though, because any form of success is good success, actually the only rightful judges are when people are judging themselves):

Here is Supply and Demand in it's best representation, to use a bowling analogy, notice there's a pascals triangle in there, AND a ying yang, plus a bowling ball too. Yes, it must be a great feeling to "sell out" and start making tons of money on delivering something that you may not necessarily love yourself. However, sometimes, in rare cases, people are successful in supplying exactly what they love doing to the masses, which is the metaphorical "Beating the Devil at his game" and winning the "golden fiddle" that has somewhat of a symbolism amongst artists and performers, and it also applies to the rest of us as well:

The sweetest victory is when people succeed at what they love...when they beat the odds by having their American Dream come true, when they metaphorically "Beat the Devil" AND "Get the Gold" as well :>

Tuesday, February 8, 2011


Note: This is a compilation of my comments about the subject matter

When people speak of tapping into zero-point energy, they are talking about unlimited energy as a fuel source, much in the sense that nuclear fusion and anti-matter are fuel sources, albeit unlimited. If I could tap into the zero-point energy of the universe I would develop an all powerful perpetual motion robot to do my bidding, for the greater good of course.

Some people think, however, that because zero-point energy consists of vacuum fluctuation wavelengths less than a plank length and because it is thereby physically unmeasurable due to the quantum uncertainty principle that it might be conscious since it exhibits free chaos will. I don't necessarily draw this conclusion that because it is random and unpredictable that it is necessarily conscious so easily, at least extraordinary claims require extraordinary proof. Oddly enough, some people use the argument that because zero-point energy is conscious, assuming it even exists and can be tapped into, that it would be immoral to harness it and use it for purposes of technology, they view it as an enslavement of nature which is a completely bizarre philosophical viewpoint. Some people go so far as to claim that zero-point energy is not only conscious and all powerful, but it is actually god too, yet another extraordinary claim that has never been experimentally demonstrated though.

So what is freedom and enslavement anyhow? Or better yet, philosophically speaking, aren't all conscious minds simultaneously enslaved and also free to varying degrees and corresponding to different aspects? In my view, freedom only really exists for those who are self-sufficient and independent of external influences, in the sense those whom are free have discovered some means by which to employ nature to do all the work for them. Throughout history, humans have done just that by way of technological innovations, they have developed machines and computers, engines and motors that do their bidding.

In my view, all consciousness that exists is a result of function and chance, and has evolved to dominate and form nature to it's will, not the other way around. Conscious entities, particularly those that have evolved a manner of intelligence, ought not be afraid of nature, but rather they ought to understand nature and conquer her processes. It does mankind no good, for instance, to look at a lightning bolt and grow terrified for lack of understanding, or to look at fire and then to run in fear of it, but rather what makes humanity intelligent is that we employ such mechanisms to do work for us. The seemingly random processes of nature and the intrinsic indeterminability of the past and unpredictability of the future due to uncertainties in measuring the exact state of being ought not be something that is worshiped by conscious intelligences but rather something to be harnessed and enjoyed.

In addition to the processes of nature, what also needs to be conquered by intelligences is their own conscious minds. Conscious minds possess Free Chaos Will just like everything else in the universe, thereby making the future indetermined until it has been determined. If intelligent minds are moral, if they seek to create and improve the world then they will ensure that their collective and individual lives thrive, however if they neglect to create and improve the world or if they try to destroy the world then they will stagnate and possibly even bring about their own demise.

Love and Fear are also mechanisms employed by conscious minds. Intelligent minded individuals must use their emotions appropriately lest they reek destruction on the intricate complexities and relationships in nature rather than using them to improve upon and strengthen her very existence. For example, fire is a lovely chemical reaction when used properly for cooking or heating and also for purifying water or generating electricity, however people shouldn't necessarily use that same process for destructive means, such as to burn down a house that others put a lot of time and effort into creating, for instance. For the love of destruction leads to the demise of civilization whereas the love of creation leads to the everlasting rise and existence of it. All of civilization is consciousness manifested.

Although it would appear to violate the conservation laws as we know them, perhaps everything in the universe came into existence from the processes of zero-point energy being released into the vacuum of space. Although zero-point energy is not necessary for the formation of matter and energy to have occurred in our universe, since vacuum energy suffices to explain their perpetual existence of neither being created or destroyed. However, the idea that the universe may have infinite zero-point energy density within the vacuum fluctuations, which hasn't been experimentally demonstrated, isn't necessarily theoretically impossible yet either. The possibility that the sun will never run out of energy, that stars could burn for eternity, that your car could drive indefinitely on non-consumable fuel sources given that there was some mechanism to tap and utilize the zero-point energy of the universe is quite alluring, however not a necessary requirement for a perpetual existence nonetheless. The idea that zero-point energy is infinitely dense would demonstrate that energy would not only be a conserved quantity but also that it could be possible to create and dissipate it indefinitely as well.

I have my own theory called Infinite Universe Model that doesn't necessarily invoke zero-point energy, however it could easily do so if it were experimentally demonstrated that the zero-point energy actually exists and manifests as a naturally occurring process. I'm not denying its existence, however I will remain skeptical until it gets implemented into technologies though, assuming it ever actually will. If people think the aether field is conscious, perhaps even experiences emotions such as love and hate like a conscious mind, that is another bold claim that I fail to understand and also am quite skeptical of as well. I have an open mind, I'm open to the possibility of it however I don't know that it's necessarily the case, although the speculation about that is fascinating.

Nobody really knows what Cern will ultimately discover some day, given their intense particle collisions. Perhaps the folks over at Cern will ultimately discover something that will allow me to build my perpetual motion robot though. :)

Friday, February 4, 2011

Modified notes from Dale Carnegie's Book

First, here is an important motto to learn:

For each and every day, improve myself in crucial ways,
There are no limits or boundaries, for I’m always achieving great new things,
Achievement is always the next steps, and success always leads to more success.

Important quotes are written here:

Integrity is found when the mind resolves its internal conflicts, and self-confidence radiates when people are working intelligently and ambitiously to achieve a set of goals.

Quote from Peter Hankins “if your actions aren’t in a direct causal line with your behavior, then you don’t really intend them, and if your perceptions aren’t in a direct causal line with sensory experience, then you don’t really feel them.”

With this in mind, here are some of Dale Carnegie’s secrets for success from his book
"How to Win Friends and Influence People".

How to treat people:
Never criticize, condemn or complain about people unless there is a very good reason too. Be forewarned though, when people are judged they become very defensive, and this will potentially turn even your friends against you. Therefore, judge not lest ye be judged.

In order to motivate people to do anything for you, you must first reveal how it will be beneficial to them. By revealing the benefits of certain actions, you can arouse desires and instill new motives in people. Conversely, it is unfair to force or trick people to do anything which is only to your benefit, and it will likely result in strife or even revenge.

Always show sincere appreciation and praise for a job well done for this encourages further excellence and friendly cooperation, but be honest when somebody has fallen short of expectations because this will let people know where they should improve.

~~~~RULE from It’s Your Ship:
-> If people come up short, then get it out in the open with them immediately, perhaps you just need to provide some form of instructional training for them is all.
->However, if they already have had the training, then perhaps you need to give them a deadline by which time they need to improve their technique or else there will be some form of consequences.
-> When you warn people about the consequences of not improving by the given deadlines, be sure that you are clear and specific about what the consequences are going to be. For honesty sake, be sure to actually carry the penalties out if you haven’t seen the level of improvement that you were expecting of them by the deadlines.

In order to win people over to you:

Try to be genuinely happy and content with yourself, be sure to smile and show good humor. Do this and the people around you will want to share within some of that joy and good humor, happiness and contentness are contagious and tend to uplift general morale.

Remembering people’s names is extremely important and easy to do, you just have to take the time. Always try to use people’s real names whenever it is possible to do so. Nicknames are not as good as the real thing unless they are preferred.

Always try to express a genuine interest in other people. People are generally more interested in talking about themselves and their accomplishments than listening to what you have to say. When you meet people, always be a good listener and encourage them to talk about themselves if you are interested. Listening to what other people have to say about themselves makes it easier for you to warm up to them and vise versa.

Try to talk in terms of other people’s interests. Talking about something that the other person is interested in generally makes for good conversation. If you don’t know something about the subject matter, then be sure to ask questions about it, this is a good opportunity to learn something new and maybe pick up a new interest.

Try to be outgoing and to make people feel genuinely important too. When you make people feel important, then they will accept your advice and what you say to them as important in return.

How to influence people with you ideas:

Arguments generally never get people to change their mind because it causes people to become highly defensive of themselves. Nobody likes being proved wrong because this can be a stomp on their dignity. People will remain unconvinced and perhaps even stand firmer with their original positions if their belief is put on the line. Arguing creates enemies and sometimes makes it impossible to sway people to your line of thought.

Try to avoid arguments with people whenever possible. If a disagreement is brought up between you and someone else, however, then it is important for you to remain objective. The hard facts and data don’t lie, and therefore rational people can’t really argue with them, but some people will argue with just about anything regardless of the factuality.

Unfortunately, however, nobody can remember what all the facts are, and it is important not to make up any facts as you‘re going along. A good strategy for resolving argumentative conflicts is to get people to explain what it is that they disagree on by asking questions in a socratic manner. Always look for and emphasize the areas that you agree with in that person’s explanations, and be sure to apologize for any mistakes you might have made in the conversation. If you are unsure of a matter that is brought to your attention though, then be sure and promise to think over or research the new points.

Pointers and exceptions:
-> Don’t argue with the experts, however, but if you don’t understand then be sure and ask them to explain it to you because they most likely know more of the facts and details than you do, and they can usually school you in any argument that is based on the extrapolation of the facts that is within their expertise.

-> This obviously doesn’t work for religions or subjects where the beliefs are based on faith or superstition rather than on the facts though. It is unimaginable to be calling a schemer or a believer in a faith based scheme an "expert" of sorts.

A) Ergo, if you can see that somebody that you care about is being hindered by certain fantasy beliefs or that the logic behind the belief is hindering their thought process and it doesn’t hurt you to bring it up with them, then be sure to point out that their beliefs aren’t grounded in fact and therefore they are believing in something that is illogical and untrue. This will only work if you have some idea about how to refute the argument without being overly intrusive though.

B) If somebody’s irrational actions or fantasy beliefs are hindering you, perhaps that person believes in superstition dictating important decision making or that people need to make unnecessary sacrifices that cause loss and misfortune without making any positive gains, then it is important to evaluate that particular situation and decide what to do about it.

State your beliefs, opinions, and recalled facts in a non-authoritative manner if you happen to be unsure about the subject matter being discussed. Tell people that you’re not 100% sure of what you are about to say or specify that it is a theory, and then explain your thinking on how something goes “….” Phrasing things in a non-authoritative manner when you are unsure or asking questions socratically will cause people to think more critically about what you’ve said, and maybe they will be able to shed some light or add something more to the conversation without causing an argument to ensue. The great Socrates once said something along the lines of, “...even the experts know little when compared to the collective body of knowledge, and also next to nothing when compared to the seemingly infinite amount of premises and ideas that have never even been and possibly will never be discovered by the collective whole...”

If you’ve done something wrong, you should take the initiative and apologize before others bring it up. This will take the fight out of the accuser and will speed up the process of forgive and forget.

-> A simple apology can prevent something as big as a lawsuit or as small as a grudge, but it doesn’t always work.
-> In some situations, you’re not even obligated to apologize for what you’ve done because of the following:
A) It is such a small thing that the person won’t even be bothered by it
B) What you’ve done was a legal move and they deserved it (like firing someone)

Always try to open up conversations in a friendly and helpful manner. People won’t despise anyone who acts genuinely as their friend. Conversely, try not to open up conversations in an unfriendly or demanding manner. As Abraham Lincoln once said, “A drop of honey catches more flies than a gallon of gall.”

In order to talk effectively, the other person should always agree with as many points you make as possible. If you start up a conversation with a “yes...yes...yes-rhetoric” then it will psychologically cause that person to be in a state of agreement. The more yes-momentum that is built up early in the conversation, the less likely you are to strike a disagreement. In contrast, starting off with a disagreeable point will be detrimental to the overall purpose of winning people over to your point of view.

Encourage others to express their thoughts and ideas while you listen with an open mind. People are always thrilled to talk about and express their own thoughts or ideas. If someone tells you an idea that doesn’t make sense, then ask them how they arrived at that conclusion. Some people have very good ideas that you would have not thought of by yourself. If you listen to other people’s ideas with an open mind, they may even want to return the favor and listen to your thoughts and ideas.

Ask successful people about their life’s achievements, for this is always of value to you. It is in the sort of small talk that, not only will the successful people like you for showing an interest, but you will have discovered another way to go about doing things successfully that you didn’t realize before.

People are fond of their own ideas just as you are fond of your own ideas. The reason that you’re fond of your own ideas is because you came up with them. Ergo, however, other people won’t just accept your own ideas if you try to hand it to them on a silver platter without a valid explanation. If you really want people to accept your ideas, you must tactfully help them arrive at the same conclusions you did. This is done by making suggestions that lead them through the same line of reasoning and to the same conclusion. Ultimately, they should think of the idea before they will accept it as truthful.

The ability to see things from someone else’s point of view, to metaphorically put yourself in the shoes of others, is a valuable asset towards gaining someone’s respect for you. By talking in a way that relates to other people’s perception, you can change their mind on extremely important issues and help them perceive it from your point of view.

Sometimes it is necessary to sympathize with people to get them to do what they don’t feel like doing. People need to know that you (1) understand the hardships involved, and (2) that the benefits from achieving a particular goal can largely outweigh the hardships involved in achieving it. Be sure to let them know how that you understand what it would be like if you were in their shoes, but that you see the advantages.

All people have the basic desire to do what’s right. Always make people feel as they are noble and honest and instill in them a sense of trustworthiness by appealing to the nobler motives.

Always reveal the positive effects of your ideas with a sense of showmanship. People are more likely to want to buy a car after they’ve seen it in action in commercials, similarly, people are more likely to accept your ideas if they have seen some showmanship and a good presentation.

Sometimes, proposing a direct challenge is the best way to get people striving to do better. The willingness to compete is an important attribute in hiring somebody too.

How to become a good leader:

Being a good leader means influencing people’s attitude and behaviors without arousing resentment. In order to be a leader, you must be able to think on your feet and be able to speak appealingly to the majority of people.

If you must point out people’s errors, you must acknowledge what they did good first and foremost. This will make them more receptive to what you are about to tell them, and then let them know that everybody makes mistakes, including even you. Thirdly, in order to make your demeanor appear less threatening, be sure to draw attention to a similar mistake that you once made or if you never made one then let them know that you understand how it is possible to make that particular mistake. Ultimately, though, so long as people don’t feel threatened as you‘re correcting them, they will be more open to following your advice or pointers.

People don’t like taking direct orders, so don’t give them direct orders. Instead, explain to people why certain tasks need to be done, and then nicely ask them to do these things.

Always be considerate towards other people’s feelings and let them save face when you have to make difficult decisions. When people know they’re getting the best out of certain situations, they will be the most satisfied.

Always give praise for a job well done, for this encourages further cooperation and excellence. People will improve without bounds when they receive honest praises for improvements in their abilities.

Many successful people succeed because of honest opinions. If you tell people that they have it in them to do spectacular things with their lives, they will strive to achieve remarkable things. With modest encouragement, some people can succeed where others have failed.

People never like to be regarded as below average or as underachievers by others. With a little encouragement, people will strive to prove others wrong. As any good tutor knows, failing students will become A and B students when they encourage them to study harder and do better.

Make people happy to do certain tasks for you by letting them know the benefits involved or by giving them some kind of an incentive to do it.

Outline of Robert Greene's "The 48 Laws of Power"

The following video was made by Cyberpunknihilist which is based on the very good book The 48 Laws of Power written by Robert Greene.

Overall, a good video, however, I would like to add the following corrections and additions to it:

LAW 46: Never Appear Perfect

LAW 43: Work on the Hearts and Minds of Others

LAW 18: Do not build Fortresses to protect yourself - Isolation is Dangerous

Image from Prohias' book Spy vs Spy: The Complete Casebook which is an absolute must-buy for any good technology buff.

That "Charmstone of Cooperation" idea inspired by reading Kevin Mitnick's The Art of Deception: Controlling the Human Element of Security

To expand your knowledge on this subject matter, other than just an outline, you should definitely buy his book.

Wednesday, February 2, 2011

Discussion on Hydrocarbons, Geology, and Origins of Life

Note: This is a compilation of my comments about the subject matter, and much of it is of a controversial nature.

Mantle Hydrocarbons

According to biotic oil theory, how exactly are diamondoids supposed to get into the petroleum?

Do volcanoes contain methane, and possibly abiotic oil and coal, and if so to what degree do they exist? If there is a correlation, then it baffles me how people don't see a relation between volcanic activities and bitumin, or diamondoids in the oil and abiotic oil origins. It seems that oil shales are often times found within the proximity of volcanism and fault lines, however, other times they are found nowhere near any fault lines that are considered to be currently active.

Volcanoes of the World v.s. Global Map of Oil Reserves

Were the map layers on the right made by utilizing fossil theory?

(1) According to What is coal and how does it form, the following is a classification of coal:

Peat: 50% Carbon; not yet coal

Lignite: from peat (soft dark-brown coal) (70% carbon)

Bituminous Coal: from lignite at higher temperatures (100-200oC) (85% carbon)

Anthracite Coal: from bituminous coal at even higher temps (200-300oC); formed at 8-10 km depth (95% carbon); burns most efficiently and clean

Graphite: found at even higher temps and pressures (100% carbon)

And (2) for oil/natural gas, it has this to say:

oil window: oil and natural gas exist only under certain T and P conditions. At T>160 C, any remaining oil breaks down to form gas and at T>250 C the remaining organic matter transforms into graphite. Under normal conditions, oil exists at depths only down to 6.5km require a long (geologic times) process to form, involving burial and an increase in temperature and pressures.

USGS Map of World Oil Endowment – notice that most of the suspected oil reserves are along currently active fault lines…

According to A Microcosm In the Sea Floor, there is carbon reducing life at least to a depth of several hundred meters beneath the sea floor. This ought to give some credence to Thomas Gold's predictions, and surely some oil is being produced by this process, but this is still dwarfed by the much deeper hundred plus kilometer deep production of abiotic oil in the upper mantle that is thought to exist.

There is nothing in that article about the microcosm in the sea floor that explicitly claims that those organisms produce oil, however, I think it would be a safe bet to say that there is SOME oil being produced at those relatively shallow few-hundred meter sea floor depths due to the biological reduction of organic matter from those microorganisms in combination with the typical sea floor temperatures of about 300 degrees celsius. Such conditions just might suffice for generating oil according to fossil theory, however, just how much fossil oil production down there would still be considered minimal though when compared to abiotic oil generation much deeper within the Earth's mantle if it happens to be there.

It is safe to assume that oil reservoirs typically come from the upper mantle of the Earth given that there is a relatively high correlation between active fault lines and the locations where the reservoirs are commonly thought to be. In addition, there is experimental evidence which suggests that the conditions in the Earth's upper mantle are sufficient to produce oil abiotically as well.

But perhaps the rare oil shales that are found to be deposited along ancient swamps, and some of them aren't even located anywhere near currently active fault lines, are made from biological swamp detritus according to this comparative study of coal maturation.

How does abiotic theory explain gas shales and coal being found in and around Kentucky or Illinois for instance? (Note – Perhaps there are inactive fault lines all over the Earth simply due to many historic collisions of the continents, according to continental drift theory, from which they came)

However, in fossil theory, highly reduced organic molecules (such as hydrocarbons or Beta-Carotene or Vitamin D) present in an anoxic or anaerobic condition ought to be considered stable since there is no further way of reducing it, and highly oxidized molecules (such as sugars or ferric/manganic oxides) are readily reduced in those conditions since they provide a source of oxygen for the hydrogen rich acids to consume. Depending on the specific water chemistry of the swamps or lakes, there can be the spontaneous formation of water soluble metal compounds due to a change in their molecular mass-charge polarities, or alcohols and oganic acids spontaneously forming with the aid of the reducing microorganisms present in those conditions.... and similarly you can also get hydrogen sulfides and methane gas in the bottom of the thermoclines of unmixed waters even though the organic sludge actually started out with a high oxidation state.

Most bio-molecules are highly oxidized when compared to minerals such as FeO and CaCO3 and water.... that would mean that biological detritus requires even more heat and pressure to form hydrocarbons than at {30 kPa, 1200K} as stated in J.F. Kenny's Paper, well, except for the fact that the transition actually occurs in stages. According to biotic oil theory, 'highly oxidized organic molecules' are reduced in steps by microorganisms consuming the oxygen in semi-stable stages. So, in fact, the biotic transformation from organic detritus to oil doesn't happen all in one giant leap from, say, sugars to octane as J.F. Kenny assumes.

Also, J.F. Kenny, perhaps erroneously, makes the assumption that beta carotene and vitamin d molecules are unstable, but perhaps they are stable in frigid anoxic conditions at the depths of the arctic ocean though. Since algea produces the most triglycerides, and perhaps there are denser algea that sink down to the bottom in the oceans, then perhaps the unnamed catalysts comes from the sudden volcanic venting on the sea floor through that frigid algal sediment as the continental crusts shift around.

Note: in fact, n-alkanes can be easily created from triglycerides that are the free fatty acids that are found in common vegetable oils. This is how biofuel is synthesized. The pressures required have been demonstrated to be much smaller than that for the iron oxide/CaCO3 + H20 that J.F. Kenny was discussing. (Coal, however, may be a completely different story). Perhaps thus far demonstrates that oil is produced by both biotic and abiotic means, there is always biofuel too, but as far as coal goes, how does one turn charcoal into coal aside from using the metal-catylitic Fischer-Tropsch method?

Centia is a company producing n-alkanes from biofuel using some sort of pressure vessel, which probably requires much smaller pressures than say FeO + CaCO3 + H2O reactions. n-alkanes have been successfully produced from free fatty acids (FFAs). NCSU has also developed and demonstrated a patent-pending burner that can safely burn the glycerol generated from Step #1, using the resulting heat as a thermal source back into the process. Figure 3 shows the results from biogasoline testing where the objective was to crack n-alkanes to resemble the carbon number distribution of traditional gasoline. This was demonstrated at a Step #3 mass conversion efficiency in excess of 90% and was not being optimized.

Speculation: Assuming abiotic oil had been produced in the early history of Earth’s formation, and since biological molecules (especially fatty acids) often do strikingly resemble hydrocarbons, then perhaps life on Earth arose in abiotic tar pits!? The existance of the first RNA and the arisal of life have historically been considered mysterious, perhaps it’s possible “abiotic tar” may have been the starting point for life to have occurred.

NASA Identifies Carbon-rich Molecules in Meteors as the 'Origin of Life' and also Life May Have Arisen in Oceanic Hydrothermal possibly there are multiple sources of the origins of life too.