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Saturday, January 31, 2009

On Cosmos and Sagan's Philosophy

Carl Sagan: Cosmos Series

That is a great series. In it, Carl Sagan adequately describes the Universe, but it is too nature-worshipping for my tastes. I believe that the mind, in a very survivalist manner, has evolved to conquer and overcome nature as opposed to being ruled by it....

The problem that we are presented here is the one that goes as such: Humanity is reckless of Mother Nature, Humanity should stop being so reckless because Mother Nature is a sacred and delicate entity.

However, I would argue that it is Nature that is the destructive one as most of the Universe is inhospitable to life as we know it. In the course of evolution, many times more species have gone extinct than are presently in existance, but that rate of demise to survival ought to be decreasing in accordance with evolution. Ergo the evolution of the mind, natures thus far most complex creation has evolved a way around being destroyed, a way to survive and to sustain itself by gaining the ability to make reasonable simulative predictions in accordance with avoiding the repeat mistakes of the past on both, an evolutionary scale via genetic hardwiring and on a conscious scale via experiencial softwiring. The mind is always processing sensory inputs, constantly reprogramming itself on a conscious level to adapt to ever-changing conditions of the environment, and it thereby is superceding the necessity for learning by evolutionary hardwiring. Thus, because the mind, especially that of the human mind, is progressing at such fast rates then the technological product of that mind will someday be merged as the singularity.

Thus comes my objetion to some of Carl Sagan's view's about the future of humanity, and in particular when it comes to the subject of Von Neuman Probes. Where Sagan considers building these self-replicating probes to be an irresponsible danger to civilizations across the universe, and considers it a crime against Mother Nature, I consider the probes to be a natural part of Nature's creation every bit as much as I think that the evolution of the Mind is an inevitability. Ergo, I consider that Von Neuman Machines are an absolute survival responsibility of any advanced civilization and furthermore that these machines can potentially be a benefit to any indigenous life forms that it comes across assuming that they have been merged with the minds of those advanced civilizations.

Wednesday, January 28, 2009

How to Be More Successful

I recently listened to a few audio books on business ("The Big Bing" and "What got you here, Won't get you there" and a few more too), and here are my visual/mental notes:




My Self Image:

Source Notes: In that first picture, the Bender Bot is from Matt Groening's Futurama, The Boss is from a Nearing Zero cartoon, and that $100 Dollar Bill Man is a ShutterStock ad. In the second picture is content from "What Got You Here, Won't Get You There". The fourth picture, is a doctored photo of a famous person.

Tuesday, January 27, 2009

Saturday, January 24, 2009

The Crab Nebula Supernova and Pulsars

(1) Once upon a time, the Crab Nebula was a star that blew up in a supernova explosion, the picture of the Crab Nebula in the visible spectrum here is the resulting gigantic fireball that is still expanding from the time when it blew up approximately 7,300 years ago, and the light from the supernova traveled a rough distance of about 2,000 parsecs or 6,300 light years (give or take) and then significantly lit up the sky over China some 955 years ago in a brilliant flash in the year 1054 CE.

(2) The Crab Nebula supernova was caused by the star collapsing on itself due to the loss of the heat and pressure that was being generated by the hydrostatic compression of the nuclear fuel in the core of the star. Because of that, the star imploded down to the size and density of a neutron star where it re-exploded upon reaching a critical mass, much like in a nuclear bomb detonation.


(3) The 20 km wide core of the Crab Nebula supernova still remains spinning extremely rapidly in the form of a condensed neutron star.


(4) The rapidly spinning of neutron stars is caused by the conservation of angular momentum resulting from the collapse of the original progenator star, much like an ice figure skater pulling her arms inward toward her body while doing a spin maneuver. The rapid spinning of the neutron star in combination with the superfluous rotation or circulation of the outer proton core generates a really strong magnetic field vector (on the order of 10^8 teslas) which has an axial direction offset from the star's main rotation axis.

(5) The rapid spinning of the neutron star in the Crab Nebula causes the star to emit a strong pulse of electromagnetic x-ray radiation in our direction, similar to a cosmic a light house rotating at a rate of 30 hertz. Here is the view of the Crab Nebula pulsar in the X-ray light spectrum.

Source:

The Universe Review: Crab Nebula

Answers: Crab Nebula

Thursday, January 22, 2009

Revelation Explained

The ancient people have always believed in the imagined bunny in the clouds. These are the same people, in cave drawings, that depicted earthquakes as gigatic snakes moving beneath the ground, who pictured all manner of angels and demons coming from electrical storms and from volcanoes (some hypothesize they could have been extraterrestrials and others that they were hallucinations). People, in modern times, tend to have their own sets of irrational beliefs such as in the New Age power of crystals and believing in auras and chi without offering any evidenciary proof. This seemingly universal belief that there is always something out there that is bigger than us (probably there really are more advanced civilizations yet to be discovered by humankind) stems from an evolutionary hardwiring in our brains to watch out for predators, for one time there were giant lizards that roamed the Earth and our evolutionary ancestors were small fury rodents that were once demonized by the predation. There, perhaps, also is an evolutionary knowledge of the global destruction, complete armagedon, of an asteroid that had fallen from the skies above and wiped out the giant predators that once roamed the land, leaving the planet to the meek furry creatures to inheret some day, this event being ingrained in the minds of the animal kingdom some 65 million years ago has, perhaps, left a lasting impact. If any evolutionary lesson is to be learned, however, it is in the common goal of surviving where the dinosaurs had once failed, it is in using the intellect of our minds to prevent the demise of our civilization, rather than the primitive emotions to 'kill or be killed'.

As it stands, there are currently no greater enemies or assets of humankind than that of other humans, and Nature comes in a close second to that, since the threat of natural disaster still looms all around us as well as the promise of sustainable natural resources too. So long as people don't let their primal fears and beliefs get the best of them, so long as they learn to conserve resources as well as to innovate better technologies and to explore the unknown, then they will be on the path to paradise rather than that of peril and demise.

Wednesday, January 21, 2009

Ellipses, Circles, Epicycloids, Pi, and Unity

(1) The red line on the ellipse is the same length where it is touching a point anywhere on the ellipse. The endpoints of that line are called the foci of the ellipse.





(2) The diameter of the larger circle is exactly twice the diameter of the inner circle that is rotating around inside it.



(3) The diameters of the dynamic circles that are spinning around the outside of the stationary circles is equal to (3a)the stationary circle diameter, (3b)half the stationary circle diameter, (3c) a third of the stationary circle diameter, and (3d) a fourth of the stationary circle diameter, respectively. The flower pattern is called an epicycloid.




(4) This shows that the circumference of a circle, when unrolled is equivalent to pi times the diameter.




(5) This shows that as the number of vertexes on a perfect shape increases, that shape conforms more and more to the shape of a circle. It also shows the roots of unity along the imaginary unit circle, where the formula for the roots of unity:

X(x,n) = 1^(1/n) = exp(x*2*Pi*i/n) = cos(x*2*Pi/n) + i*sin(x*2*Pi/n)

where:


X(x,n)=> the xth root of the n roots of unity;


x=> the root number (going from 1 to n);


n=> the number of roots;



(Note: All Gif images are a courtessy of Wolfram's Mathworld which is the best resource for studying math around next to getting a personal tutor.)

Tuesday, January 20, 2009

Earthquake Storms

(picture courtessy NOAA)
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I found the following lecture video given by Susan Hough at Menlo Park to be a very enlightening tutorial in learning how earthquakes and earthquake systems function, just in case anybody is interested in learning about them:

Earthquake Storms

Note: Poetically and mythologically speaking, USGS is to the underworld as NASA is to the heavens above. I also found the animations for each of the chapters in this book link to be a helpful guide to learning some of the main processes of geology if you're interested in learning about that...maybe it is better to watch the animations in the book link prior to watching the video in order to have a better idea of fault lines and such. In addition, The Earth's Interior is a good resource for learning about plate tectonics and volcanism.

Wednesday, January 14, 2009

Periodic Table and the Material Universe



Ah, the material world, isn't it great!? Everything that exists in material form that we know about and can actually use in our everyday experiences is made up of some combination of the periodic elements or can be produced from either smashing them into each other at high velocities, heating them up and combining them, compressing them, and forming them via some kind of manufacturing or biological process. Take a closer look at the bottom table, that makes up everything that we encounter in our everyday experiences, and yet that chart below only really makes up about 4% of the entire known universe {with 23% being cold dark matter and the other 73% being dark energy out in the interstellar and intergalactic regions of space}.
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Here I have slightly modified the periodic table, which I obtained from the "Molecular Research Institute," to include all of the possible oxidation states for all of the elemental atoms. I've found many times that this modification is helpful because it's not always easy to remember all the possible oxidation states for all the different elements (especially with metals) since they often times don't fill up their entire outer orbital electron shells when bonding with other atoms due to some nonlinear quantum statistical thermodynamic effects. Anyhow, it is just more convenient to have all the oxidation states on the table rather than having to look it up somewhere else.

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(click on picture to expand)


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ref: Periodic Table

Thursday, January 8, 2009

Mass Killing is Stupid

Why is it that in many sci-fi movies it is that there is either a mad scientist bent on killing everybody, an alien race bent on annihilating Earth, or even some giant asteroid about to wipe out life as we know it!? This is stupid! There is no intellectual challenge in killing, it is easy to do even, and yet there is this aura that paints it as a complicated thing to do, even the prospects are glamorized by the retards in Hollywood. Why must there always be a nemesis, and why must the nemisis be painted as some brilliant individual? I hate that steriotype.

The answer, I think, is related to the religious distrust of science. However, in the real world, it is not the brilliant individuals that actually try to mass kill because such an act would be far too easy to pull off. Osama Bin Laden was not some masterminded person for devising the attacks against the World Trade Centers and the Pentagon, he was a religious idiot, and same with the idiots who figured out how to use a boxcutter and hijack an airplane. That is no intellectual challenge, same with building the A-bomb, or even devising biological weapons, any idiot could figure out how to do those things.

No, the paths of destruction are many and easy to come by in this world we live in. The real intellectual challenges are the paths to prosperity and technological progress, the cures for viruses and cancers, the safe and efficient production of energy for the utilization of the masses.....these good things are what science brings and they are intellectually far harder to innovate or come by than that of destruction. This is also why I am shocked and offended by any religions that say to "kill all the pagans, or gentiles, or infidels" because no such religion values the human intellect, and I also should add any political systems that spout "kill all the capitalist pigs" to that category too. Each one of those have expansionism and war as their goals, their sole means of income, and perhaps it is just an evolutionary trait that goes back to the time when humans were hunter-gatherers and needed to kill and migrate for survival.

To be sure, the reason why every major western world religion has animal sacrifice in their roots is because killing animals was a central part of hunting and gathering, and that killing people wasn't morally wrong much in the same way that killing animals wasn't. Well, I believe the roots of capitalism are in when people settled down after the glaciers of the last Ice Age, Capitalism started when observant people started agriculture and trade with each other as they put down their animal killing spears and picked up their animal powered plows and decided to coexist with mutual fairness.

I think I can say, perhaps Obama is doing things right after all, these are words you never seem to hear but which should solve the worlds problems.....Blessed are the Geeks

Monday, January 5, 2009